The new rules allow flight drones studies in urban areas


The new regulation on drones, which reinforce adopted in July 2014, studies allow unmanned aircraft flying up to ten kilograms in urban areas bounded or a safe distance from buildings and people.

Currently, the State Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) is considering the arguments presented to the Royal Decree that updates the rule that calculates, will be ready by 2016, explained to EFE sources of this agency under the Ministry of Development.

According to future legislation, the flights would have to meet specific security measures, and limit its use to up to 100 meters away and 120 meters between drone and pilot.

As for aircraft up to 25 kilograms option that can fly in uncontrolled airspace beyond the visual scope of the pilot we are shuffled. At present the use of drones in urban areas is not allowed and may only drive outside towns, buildings or buildings, meeting people outdoors and uncontrolled airspace.

He met last week in Riga -a proposal from the Latvian presidency of the EU European aviation to exchange views on how and under what conditions, the drones can help create new opportunities for the industry in Europe. At this meeting were representatives of the European Commission and the Civil Aviation EU Member States (Spain was represented by EASA).

The meeting pledged that European regulation ensures compliance with all ” security conditions for the safe and sustainable emergence of innovative services drone “and to” help the industry properly thrive off the concerns of citizens . ”

All drones have to be used in daylight and in good weather conditions, in addition to being far from population centers, buildings or buildings, meeting people outdoors and in uncontrolled airspace. For management, you need to have a license or notification to the Aviation Safety Authority (EFSA) regardless of the size of the drone.

There are several options as have or have had in the last five years any pilot license or obtain a certificate issued by a training organization approved by EASA . The latter is one of the most popular options after regulation in our country in this sector, in which companies have emerged offering courses that enable users to use.

EFSA distinguishes between three types of drones: less than two kg, appliances up to 25 kg and over 25 kg . The lower 2 kg drones are the only ones who can fly beyond visual range of the driver and can reach a maximum height of 120 m (400 ft), but should be subject to the scope of the radio emission of the control station.

You do not need a course or certified by EASA, but it must issue to the Aeronautical Information Services a notice to individual users who are making use of the airspace in the time that is going to produce the flight.

The ships of up to 25 kg (also classified as Class LAPL) do not need a permit for the pilot, but the pilot has to make a responsible statement EASA to use along with a notice five days before your flight. The drone must be within visual range of the pilot, to a maximum distance of 500 m and a height above ground of 120 m. To obtain photographs or filming requires special permission.

The drones weighing more than 25 kg (Class 2) are those who need more demanding permissions. The pilot needs a basic or advanced certificate issued by a training organization approved after passing a course, added to the EASA authorization to start business. Finally, you need a record of registration of aircraft and have EASA airworthiness certificate.

Pilots must always be allowed to fly these devices. While in urban areas the flight is not allowed in fully enclosed spaces (including the roof) are not subject to the jurisdiction of the EFSA, so that holders of the enclosures are responsible for the drones are authorized.

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