Hydraulic systems that mimic the beak of flamingo, locomotives emulate a kingfisher or bulletproof vests that simulate the spider are some of the innovations developed by biomimicry, which seeks solutions existing in nature to solve human problems.
Also known as biomimetics, is the science that studies possible mechanical or chemical responses applicable to human technological projects, imitating or inspired by natural solutions.
Ecologing director, Nicola Cerantola, EFEverde explained that this type of knowledge “can help create stronger and more resilient human ecosystems … the same Circular economy is the application of what nature does, where there is no concept of waste , which it has been invented by humans. ”
Cerantola divided this science into two branches: the first is the technological-functional, and the most explored of copying and imitating nature extracted from the technological principles to.
“With technology, we are getting closer to understanding these principles at the level of the material surface, but also durability, shock resistance, thermal insulation … all such functions are explored enough, “he explains.
The second branch is the ecosystem, which is “less investigated and is the most interesting” to be based on how different species coexist, share resources and help each other or deal with emergencies.
In Spain there are companies dedicated to making this business field, as is the case Biomival, which has since 2012 developed solutions in the field of biomimicry .
Thus, by magnetic resonance peak flamenco subsequently transformed into molds thanks to a 3D printer, this team has been able to convert the natural technology for this species to create a hydraulic turbine.
Whether patentable nature is answered Efe by the founder and CEO of Biomival, Rafael Aparicio, with the following argument: “it gives you free this knowledge but … the fact that you get to find out, understand and apply is what makes it patentable.”
In fact, what is recorded is the mechanism applied to technology, according to the ISO (International Standards Organization) rules establishing “copying nature.” These rules, in fact,” are not mandatory, but suggest that biomimetics is very serious”.
Other projects are being developed at this time, Aparicio appointment based structures in the way they grow bones and trees , called ‘ soft kill option ‘, consisting of suppressing prior weaker party calculation , “there are computer programs that determine which It is the lightest and strongest “structure.
Examples of this new technique are cars with skeletal frames, tree architecture or tools lighter work.
The technician responsible for Biomival Agustin Falco, states that “the most prominent in this field in Europe is Germany, very focused on the engineering side, while outside the United States have, more focused on the biological part … but also globally China is a powerhouse in the application of this science. ”
You can not catalog biomimicry as something new: several historical figures drew on nature to inspire their creations, such as Leonardo Da Vinci’s flying machines with your manuscript compiled in “Code Flight of Birds”. Another pioneer was the most modern architect Antonio Gaudi , reference thanks to his personal style based on the translation of the nature of its architecture.
Other applications of biomimetics buildings are self-regulate their temperature as does a termite mound, adhesive tapes that mimic the mechanism of adhesion of the legs of a chameleon paint that repels water and dirt as the lotus or swimsuits that reduce the friction of the water imitating the skin of a shark.